The artwork shown on the 20 Peso Mexican Coin pays homage to the country’s rich heritage. Serving the primary focal point of the obverse is the Cuauhxicalli Eagle Bowl or as it is more commonly known, the Aztec Calendar Stone. This large ancient sculpture was believed to be a ceremonial basin whose decorations served as either an astronomical or astrological guide. Historical enthusiasts among the viewers will undoubtedly be impressed by the intricate level of detail that has been captured from the bowl’s original design, especially the face of Tonatiuh, the sun god, in the stone’s center. Appearing beneath the stone are the coin’s denomination, weight and purity in Spanish.
Proudly depicted on the reverse side of the coin is the official Mexican Coat of Arms. This stirring emblem depicts the Mexican Gold Eagle, perched upon a cactus as it uses its powerful beak and talons to subdue a serpent. It is meant to symbolize the the ultimate triumph of the good over the wicked and would ultimately serve as a symbol of hope during their war against Spain. Also inscribed along the upper portion of the coin is the title, “Estados Unidos Mexicanos.”